UT Tyler Department of Biology

Pre-Professional Tracks


Clinical laboratory scientists, also known as medical technologists, analyze human blood, tissues and body fluids, and supervise the performance of thousands of medical laboratory tests. Medical technologists exercise independent judgment, correlate test results and interpret the findings. Physicians depend on these professionals to produce reliable and valid results that may be used in determining the presence, extent and possible cause of disease.

Bachelor’s degree programs in medical technology require four years of college education, including one year of clinical laboratory education and experience in an accredited health facility. Currently, Texas does not require a license to practice.

Students who graduate from medical laboratory science programs are eligible to take the national certification examinations that are administered by the:

  • American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP),
  • American Medical Technologists (AMT),
  • National Certification Agency for Medical Laboratory Personnel (NCAMLP).

According to the Texas Workforce Commission, the annual average salary of a clinical laboratory scientist (2011 data) is $55,100.

Related career opportunities within the laboratory sciences include phlebotomist, blood bank technology specialist, medical laboratory technician, cytotechnologist and histotechnologist.

Prerequisites vary highly among all the programs so it is imperative that interested students make sure that they complete those courses that are required by each program they apply to.

Links to Texas Clinical Lab Science Programs