UT Tyler Department of Biology

Pre-Optometry Program


Doctors of optometry provide most of the primary vision care that people need. They examine, diagnose, treat and manage eye diseases and disorders.

Optometrist may administer drugs for diagnostic purposes and, in many states, prescribe drugs to treat eye diseases. Traditionally, they prescribe eyeglasses, contact lenses, vision therapy and low-vision aids. They may also use special tests and tools to identify and evaluate vision defects that are symptomatic of other diseases.

Students must earn a bachelor's degree and complete a four-year accredited program at a college of optometry. All applicants must take the Optometric Admissions Test (OAT) to be considered for admission to a college of optometry.

To practice in Texas, optometrists must pass a state licensing exam. Applicants for licensure must have a doctor of optometry degree from an optometric program accredited by the American Optometric Association's Council on Optometric Education.

According to the Texas Workforce Commission, the annual average salary of an optometrist (2011 data) is $96,100.

Related career fields include optician, optometric assistant, optometric technician, ophthalmologist (physician), ophthalmic assistant and ophthalmic technologist.

Texas Optometry Schools

University of Houston College of Optometry