Dyes -- Sources  

Albany [Ga.] Patriot, February 16, 1865, p. 2, c. 3 [pumpkin/pokeberry]; March 2,  
            1865, p. 1, c. 2 [beech].  

Bellville [TX] Countryman
, May 31, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 [moss]; October 11, 1862, 
            p. 2, c. 3 [prickly pear]; December 13, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 [plum roots]; 
            January 17, 1863, p. 2, c. 2 [iron]; May 23, 1863, p. 1, c. 4 [walnut 
            leaves]; September 27, 1864, p. 2, c. 1 [prickly pear]; March 7, 1865, 
            p. 1, c. 2 [oak, black jack].  

Brown, Fannie.  "Diary of Fannie Brown, Jan 1, 1863 thru Aug 25, 1864." 
           
Photocopy. 
Longview Public Library, Longview, TX.  
Burroughs, Frances M.  "The Confederate Receipt Book:  A Study of Food
            Substitution
in the American Civil War."  South Carolina Historical
   
         Magazine 93 no. 1 (January 1992):  31-50.  

Charleston Mercury
, November 5, 1862, p. 2, c. 1  
Columbus [GA] Enquirer
, April 29, 1862, p. 2, c. 8 [black oak; oak, red/maple; 
            oak, red (bark)]; October 28, 1862, p. 3, c. 1 [pokeberry]; November 11,
            1862, p. 1, c. 8 [walnut leaves]; March 3, 1863, p. 1, c. 7 [oak, Spanish; 
            oak, white]; June 9, 1863, p. 3, c. 1 [oak, red/maple]; December 1, 
            1863, p. 1, c. 3 [logwood; plum roots; sassafras/swamp bay/butterfly root].  

Dallas Herald
, October 1, 1864, p. 2, c. 1.  
Daniel, Harriet Bailey Bullock.  A Remembrance of Eden:  Harriet Bailey Bullock
   
         Daniel's
Memories of a Frontier Plantation in Arkansas, 1849-1872.  Edited
            by Margaret Jones Bolsterli.  Fayetteville:  University of Arkansas Press,
            1993.  
Dimond, E. Grey and Herman Hattaway, eds.  Letters from Forest Place:  A
   
         Plantation Family's Correspondence, 1846-1881
.  Jackson, MS:  University
            Press of Mississippi, 1993.  
Edmondston, Catherine Ann Devereux.  "Journal of a Secesh Lady":  The Diary of
   
         Catherine Ann Devereux Edmonston, 1860-1866
.  Edited by Beth G.
            Crabtree and James W. Patton.  Raleigh:  Division of Archives and History,
            Department of Cultural Resources, 1979.  
Fleming, Mary Love Edwards.  "Dale County and Its People During the Civil War"  

   
       Alabama Historical Quarterly
19 (1957):  61-109.  
Foster, Helen Bradley.  "New Raiments of Self":  African American Clothing in the  

            Antebellum South
.  New York:  Berg, 1997.  
Galveston Weekly News
, September 21, 1864, p. 2, c. 1 [prickly pear].  
Hague, Parthenia Antoinette.  A Blockaded Family:  Life in Southern Alabama
   
         During the
Civil War.  Boston:  Houghton, Mifflin, 1888.  reprint ed. 
           
Lincoln:  University of Nebraska Press, 1991.  
Handy, Mrs. M. P.  "Confederate Make-Shifts." Harper's New Monthly Magazine  
            (February 1876), pp. 576-580.  
Hyatt, Rebecca Dougherty.  "Marthy Lou's Kiverlid":  A Sketch of Mountain Life.   
            Morristown, TN:  Triangle Press, 1937. [only the dye specifically mentioned
            from the Civil War]  

Instructions for Washing Wool and Woollen Yarns, and for Dyeing Wool and Cotton,    
            Adapted to the Use of the Farmers and Planters of the Confederate States
.   
            Richmond:  Chas. H. Wynne, 1864.  
Kitchen Guild of the Tullie Smith House Restoration.  Tullie's Receipts:  Nineteenth-
 
         Century Plantation Plain Style Southern Cooking and Living
.  2d ed.  Atlanta:  
            Atlanta Historical Society, 1996.  [Only those receipts from Franklin Pierce  
            Brown's scrapbook, ca. 1860]  
Lincecum, Gideon.  Gideon Lincecum's Sword:  Civil War Letters from the Texas
            Home
Front.  Edited by Jerry Bryan Lincecum, Edward Hake Phillips, and
            Peggy A. Redshaw.  Denton, TX:  University of North Texas Press, 2001.  
McDonald, Mrs. Cornelia.  A Diary With Reminiscences of the War and Refugee 
   
         Life in the Shenandoah Valley, 1860-1865
.  Nashville:  Cullom & Ghertner
            Co., 1935.  
Mead, Elizabeth Kemp, The Oklahoma Indian-Pioneer Interviews,  
            http://www.novia.net/~vikia/FrancesKemp.html
 

Memphis Daily Appeal [Jackson, MS]
, February 18, 1863, p. 1, c. 6.  
Millings, Ella.  "The Women of Vances" in South Carolina Women in the
   
         Confederacy.  vol. 2.  Columbia, SC:  The State Company, 1907, pp. 38-39.  

Mobile Register and Advertiser
, November 8, 1862, p. 1, c. 7 [walnut leaves];
            November 12, 1862, p. 1, c. 7 [alder berries]; March 14, 1863, p. 1, c. 5
            [iron]; September 11, 1863, p. 2, c. 1 [pomegranate; elderberries];
            September 25, 1863, p. 2, c. 4 [indigo]  
Moore, Dosia Williams.  War, Reconstruction and Redemption on Red River:  The
   
         Memoirs of Dosia Williams Moore
.  Edited by Carol Wells.  Ruston, LA: 
           
Louisiana Tech University, 1990.  
Moore, John Hammond.  The Confederate Housewife:  Receipts & Remedies,
   
         Together with Sundry Suggestions for Garden, Farm, & Plantation
. 
           
Columbia, SC:  Summerhouse Press, 1997.  
Porcher, Francis P.  Resources of the Southern Fields and Forests.  Charleston: 
           
Evans and Cogswell, 1863.  Reprint ed.  New York:  Arno Press, 1970. 
            [only those which mention plantation use, or which give a receipt or some
            other indication of actual use]  
Pryor, Mrs. Roger A.  Reminiscences of Peace and War.  Rev. ed.  Freeport, NY: 
           
Books for Libraries Press.  First published 1908.  
Redshaw, Peggy A.  "How Cloth Was Dyed During the Civil War in Washington
            County, Texas" in  2001:  A Texas Folklore Odyssey.  Edited by Francis
            Edward Abernethy.  Denton, TX:  University of North Texas Press, 2001, 
            pp. 234-245.  

Savannah [GA] Republican
, December 10, 1862, p. 1, c. 5 [iron]; November 3, 
            1863, p. 1, c. 4 [walnut leaves]  
Simons, Mrs. Elizabeth Archer.  Diary Kept by Mrs. Elizabeth Archer Simons,
   
         Texana, Texas, August 31, 1862 January 1, 1863
.  Typescript, Texas 
            State Archives, Austin, Texas.  

Southern Banner
[Athens, GA], October 29, 1862, p. 3, c. 3 [walnut]; June 17, 
            1863, p.
1, c. 6 [red oak/maple]  
Southern Illustrated News,
October 4, 1862 [plum]  
Southern Watchman
[Athens, GA], July 29, 1863, p. 2, c. 4 [chalybeate water];  
            November 25, 1863, p. 4, c. 1 [pomegranates; elderberries; logwood;
            sassafras; red oak/maple ]  

Southern Confederacy
[Atlanta, GA] November 7, 1862, p. 2, c. 2 [walnut leaves]  
State Gazette
[Austin, TX], October 1, 1862, p. 1, c. 3 [sassafras/willow; black 
            jack oak]

Ward, Evelyn D.  The Children of Bladensfield During the Civil War.  New York: 
           
Viking Press, 1978.  
Wilson, Neal.  "Confederate Make-Shifts" Overland Monthly and Out West 
   
         Magazine, 13 no. 73 (January 1889), 71-79.
 

Colors with no dye mentioned in the source of information:  
Black, gray, garnet, red, blue, green, plum, purple, slate  

Dye sources with no colors mentioned:  
"barks of trees;" "barks, roots, and leaves;" "the barks of trees, from weeds, roots, red clay;" "roots and herbs;" "the bark of trees and wild roots;" "herbs;" "roots and barks;" "barks, leaves, twigs, and berries;" "from the plants growing in great profusion in the land;" "the native barks;" "different kinds of barks, leaves and nuts;" "red oak bark;" "sumac and other woods and roots;" "wee have to collor with bark cannot buy Dye of no kind;" "moss, weeds, and minerals from the earth on her place;" "herbs, berries and nuts;" "the rind of pomegranates;" "roots, herbs, and barks of the country"  

Antebellum Dye Books  

Androsko, Rita.  Natural Dyes and Home Dyeing:  A Practical Guide With Over 150
         Recipes
.  New York:  Dover, 1971.  See Appendix E.  "Recipes for Dyeing
            Woolens Taken from Molony's 1833 Dye Manual."  
Bemiss, Elijah.  The Dyer's Companion.  2nd edition.  New York:  Evert Duyckinck,
            1815.  Enlarged reprint ed.  New York:  Dover, 1973.  
Bronson, J. and R.  The Domestic Manufacturer's Assistant and Family Directory in
   
         the Arts of Weaving and Dyeing
.  Utica, NY:  William Williams, 1817. 
           
Enlarged reprint ed. entitled Early American Weaving and Dyeing.  New
            York:  Dover, 1977.  
Imswiler, P.  The Family Dyer, Being a Complete Guide for Colouring Every Variety
   
         of Shade, on Woolen, Cotton, Linen, and Silk Goods
.  Mountain Valley, VA,
            1848.  Reprint ed.  Dayton, VA:  Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical
            Society, 1998.