~* ~
by Vicki Betts
Last updated July 1, 1997

Scope--This bibliography includes books and articles, both primary and secondary in nature, plus dissertations and theses.  It does not include discussions of the material culture of the period (clothing, furniture, dishes, etc.).  The geographic spread includes all of the seceded states, Indian Territory, and border state items of obvious or possible Southern sentiment.  Some journal citations include only one or two known pages, because they were taken from book footnotes where no bibliography was included.  Principal sources for the citations include WorldCat and America:  History and Life. 

African-Americans (General), Including Slavery

Brooks, Victor.  African Americans in the Civil War.  Philadelphia:  Chelsea House Publishers, 1999.
Bardaglio, Peter.  "The Children of Jubilee:  African American Children in Wartime" in Divided 
            Houses:   Gender and the Civil War
.  Edited by Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber.  New 
            York:  Oxford University Press, 1992, pp. 213-229.
Beatty-Brown, Florence R.  "Legal Status of Arkansas Negroes Before Emancipation."  Arkansas 
            Historical Quarterly
28 (1969):  6-13.  
Berlin, Ira and Leslie S. Rowland, ed.  Families and Freedom:  A Documentary History of African-
            American Kinship in
the Civil War.  New York:  New Press, 1997.
Berlin, Ira, et al.  "Family and Freedom:  Black Families in the American Civil War."  History Today 37 
            (January 1987):  8-15.
Black and White Cultural Interaction in the Antebellum South.  Jackson:  University Press of 
            Mississippi, 1993.
Blassingame, John W. Sambos and Rebels:  The Character of the Southern Slave.  Washington:  
Howard University, 1972.
Bobisink, Louise.  "Surviving Slavery and Patriarchy:  Black Women, White Women in the Antebellum 
            South." Honors thesis, Wheaton College, 1989.
Bradshaw, John M.  "An Investigation of the Slave-Breeding Practices in the Ante-Bellum South."  
M.A. thesis, California State University, San Bernardino, 1983.
Calderhead, William.  "The Role of the Professional Slave Trader in a Slave Economy:  Austin 
            Woolfolk, a Case Study."  Civil War History 23 (1977):  195-211.
Campbell, Edward D. and Kym S. Rice, eds.  Before Freedom Came:  African-American Life in the
            Antebellum South
.  Richmond and Charlottesville:  Museum of the Confederacy and the 
            University of Virginia Press, 1991.
Campbell, John.  "Work, Pregnancy, and Infant Mortality Among Southern Slaves."  Journal of 
            Interdisciplinary History
14 no. 4 (1984):  793-812.
Cimbala, Paul A.  "Fortunate Bondsmen:  Black 'Musicianers' in the Antebellum Southern United 
            States."  M.A. thesis, Emory University, 1977.
Clinton, Catherine.  "'Southern Dishonor":  Flesh, Blood, Race, and Bondage" in In Joy and in 
            Sorrow:  Women, Family, and Marriage in the Victorian South, 1830-1900
.  Edited by 
            Carol Bleser.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1991, pp.  52-68.
Close, Stacey K.  Elderly Slaves of the Plantation South.  New York:  Garland Pub., 1997.
Close, Stacey K.  "Elderly  Slaves of the Plantation South:  Somewhere Between Heaven and Earth." 
            Ph.D. thesis, Ohio State University, 1992.
Cohen, William.  At Freedom's Edge:  Black Mobility and the Southern White Quest for Racial 
            Control, 1861-1915
.  Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State University Press, 1991.
Cole, Stephanie.  "Servants and Slaves:  Domestic Service in the Border Cities, 1800-1850."  Ph.D. 
            dissertation, University of Florida, 1994.
Cornelius, Janet.  "'We Slipped and Learned to Read':  Slave Accounts of the Literacy Process, 
            1830-1865."  Phylon 44 no. 3 (1983):  171-186.
Cornelius, Janet Duitsman.  "When I Can Read My Title Clear":  Literacy, Slavery, and Religion 
            in the Antebellum South
.  Columbia:  University of South Carolina Press, 1991.
Cumberland, Sharon.  "The Two-Ply Yarn:  Slave Narratives and Slave Owner Narratives in the 
            Antebellum South." Ph.D. thesis, University of New York, 1994.
Dennard, David C.  "Religion in the Quarters:  A Study of Slave Preachers in the Antebellum South, 
            1800-1860."  Ph.D. thesis, Northwestern University, 1983.
Diedrich, Maria.  "'My Love is Black as Yours is Fair':  Premarital Love and Sexuality in the 
            Antebellum Slave Narrative."  Phylon 47 no. 3 (1986):  238-247.
Dundes, Alan.  "'Jumping the Broom':  On the Origin and Meaning of an African American Wedding Custom."
Journal of American Folklore 109 no.433 (1996):  324-329.
Durden, Robert Franklin.  The Gray and the Black:  The Confederate Debate on Emancipation.  Baton Rouge:
Louisiana State University Press, 1972.
Eaton, Clement.  "Slave-Hiring in the Upper South:  A Step Toward Freedom."  Mississippi Valley Historical
46 (1960):  663-678.
Escott, Paul D.  Slavery Remembered:  A Record of Twentieth-Century Slave Narratives.  Chapel Hill: 
University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
Fett, Sharla.  "Body and Soul:  African-American Healing in Southern Antebellum Plantation Communities,
            1800-1860."  Ph.D. thesis, Rutgers University, 1995.
Finkelman, Paul, ed.  Rebellions, Resistance and Runaways Within the Slave South.  New York:  Garland Pub.,
Finkelman, Paul, ed.  Slave Trade and Migration:  Domestic and Foreign.  New York:  Garland Pub., 1989.
Finkelman, Paul, ed.  Southern Slavery at the State and Local Level.  New York:  Garland, 1989.
Flanigan, Daniel J. The Criminal Law of Slavery and Freedom, 1800-1868.  New York:  Garland Pub., 1987.
Forbes, Ella.  African American Women During the Civil War.  New York:  Garland, 1998.
Frankel, Noralee.  "The Slaves' Christmas in the South, 1800-1860."  M.A. thesis, George Washington University,
Genovese, Eugene D.  Roll, Jordan, Roll:  The World the Slaves Made.  New York:  Pantheon Books, 1974.
Gerteis, Louis S.  From Contraband to Freedman:  Federal Policy Toward Southern Blacks, 1861-1865.
Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, 1973.
Glymph, Thavolia.  "This Species of Property:  Female Slave Contrabandists in the Civil War" in A Woman's War,
            55-71. ???
Goldin, Claudia Dale.  Urban Slavery in the American South, 1820-1860:  A Quantitative History.  Chicago:
University of Chicago Press, 1976.
Greenberg, Kenneth S.  "Black Women and White Men in the Antebellum South."  Reviews in American History
         15 no. 2 (1987):  252-258.
Gutman, Herbert G.  The Black Family in Slavery and Freedom, 1750-1925.  New York:  Pantheon Books,
Gwin, Minrose C.  Black and White Women of the Old South:  The Peculiar Sisterhood in American
.  Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1985.
Haney, James Edward.  "The Southern Confederacy and the Arming of the Slaves, 1863-1865."  M.A. thesis, Ohio
            University, 1968. 
Harrold, Stanley.  The Abolitionists and the South, 1831-1861.  Lexington:  University Press of Kentucky, 1995.
Hine, Darlene Clark.  "Rape and the Inner Lives of Southern Black Women:  Thoughts on the Culture of
            Dissemblance," in Southern Women:  Histories and Identities.  Edited by Virginia Bernhard.  
Columbia:  University of Missouri Press, 1992. pp. 177-189.
Hodes, Martha.  "Illicit Sex Across the Color Line:  White Women and Black Men in the Civil War South" Critical
         Matrix 5 (Fall, 1989) includes page 29.
Hodes, Martha Elizabeth.  "Sex Across the Color Line:  White Women and Black Men in the Nineteenth-Century
            American South."  Ph.D. dissertation, Princeton University, 1991.
Hodes, Martha.  "Wartime Dialogues on Illicit Sex:  White Women and Black Men" in Divided Houses:  Gender
            and the Civil War
.  Edited by Catherine Clinton and Nina Silber.  New York:  Oxford University Press,
            1992, pp. 230-242.
Hogge, Amy.  "Where Else Can We Go But to the Lord:  A Study of Slave Conversion Experiences." B. A. thesis,
            James Madison University, 1992.
Hunter, Tera W.  "Household Workers in the Making:  Afro American Women in Atlanta and the New South,
            1861-1920."  Ph.D. dissertation, Yale University, 1990.
Hurmence, Belinda, ed.  Slave Time Wen I was Chillun.  New York:  Putnam, 1997.
Jackson, William Simon.  Social Service Delivery System in the Black Community During the Ante-Bellum
            Period (1619-1860)
.  Atlanta:  Atlanta University School of Social Work, 1973.
Jacobs, Harriet A.  Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Written by Herself.  Boston:  H. Jacobs, 1861. 
Facsimile edition edited by Jean Fagan Yellin. Cambridge, Mass.:  Harvard University Press, 1987.
Johnson, Michael P.  "Smothered Slave Infants:  Were Slave Mothers at Fault?"  Journal of Southern History 47
            no. 4 (1981):  493-520.
Jones, Jacqueline.  Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow:  Black Women, Work, and the Family from Slavery to the
         Present.  New York:  Basic Books, 1985.
Jordan, Ervin L., Jr.  "Sleeping With the Enemy:  Sex, Black Women, and the Civil War."  Western Journal of
            Black Studies
18 no. 2 (Summer 1994):  55-63.
King, Wilma.  "The Mistress and Her Maids:  White and Black Women in a Louisiana Household, 1858-1868" in
         Discovering the Women in Slavery:  Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past.  Edited by
            Patricia Morton.  Athens:  University of Georgia, 1996, pp. 82-106.
King, Wilma.  Stolen Childhood:  Slave Youth in Nineteenth-Century America.  Bloomington:  Indiana University
            Press, 1995.
King-Teetor, Cynthia Ann.  "'Until the Breakin Time Comes':  A Study of Alabama Slave Children, 1830-1865." 
M.A. thesis, Auburn University, 1996.  
Kiple, Kenneth F. and Virginia H. Kiple.  "Black Tongue and Black Men:  Pellagra and Slavery in the Antebellum
            South."  Journal of Southern History 43 (1977):  411-428.
Kleit, David Harlan.  "Ideal and Reality in American Plantation Slavery."  B.A. thesis, Williams College, 1986.
Lamp, Kimberly  Ann.  "Empire for Slavery:  Economic and Territorial Expansion in the American Gulf South,
            1835-1860."  Ph.D. thesis, Harvard University, 1991.
Lines, Stiles Bailey.  "Slaves and Churchmen:  The Work of the Episcopal Church Among Southern Negroes,
            1830-1860."  Ph.D. thesis, Columbia University, 1960.
Litwack, Leon F.  Been in the Storm So Long:  The Aftermath of Slavery.  New York:  Alfred A. Knopf, 1979.
Lovvo, Peggy J.  "Armed With Religion:  The Development of Black Christianity and the Slaves' Use of Religion as a
            Weapon of Resistance to Slavery."  M.A. thesis, Midwestern State University, 1989.
Maddocks, Joanne.  "'Us Colored Women Had to Go Through a Plenty':  The Sexual Experiences of Slave Women
            in the Antebellum South."  M.A. thesis, Bowling Green State University, 1986.
Mann, Susan A.  "Slavery, Sharecropping, and Sexual Inequality."  Signs 14 no. 4 (Summer 1989):  774-798.
Margo, Robert A. and Richard Steckel.  "A Dreadful Childhood:  The Excess Mortality of American Slaves." 
Social History 10 (November 1944):  424-446.
Massey, Karen Gwynn.  "Ritual Improvisation:  A Challenge to Christian Education from the Nineteenth Century
            African-American Slave Community."  Ph.D. dissertation, Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 1991.
McLaurin, Melton A.  Celia:  A Slave.  Athens:  University of Georgia Press, 1991.
McMillen, Sally Gregory.  "'No Uncommon Disease':  Neonatal Tetanus, Slave Infants, and the Southern Medical
            Profession."  Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences  46 no. 3 (1991):  291-314.
Millender, Michael J.  "Crossed Ambitions:  Planters, Slaves, and Small Farmers in Greene County, Alabama,
            1830-1865."  Honors paper, Duke University, 1988.  
Minrose, Gwin. Black and White Women of the Old South:  The Peculiar Sisterhood in American Literature.
Knoxville:  University of  Tennessee Press, 1985.
Moore, John Hebron.  "Simon Gray, Riverman:  A Slave Who Was Almost Free."  Mississippi Valley Historical
49 (1962):  472-484.
Morris, Thomas D.  Southern Slavery and the Law, 1619-1860.  Chapel Hill:  University of North Carolina Press,
Morton, Patricia, ed.  Discovering the Women in Slavery:  Emancipating Perspectives on the American Past.
Athens:  University of Georgia Press, 1996.
Mummert, John William.  "Food, Clothing, and Shelter of American Plantation Negro Slaves, 1830-1860."  M.A.
            thesis, University of Alabama, 1952.
Newton, James E.  "Slave Artisans and Craftsmen:  The Roots of Afro-American Art."  Black Scholar 9
            (November 1977):  35-42.
Norde, Gerald S.  "From Genesis to Phoenix:  The Breeding of Slaves During the Domestic Slave Era, 1807-1863
            and Its Consequences."  Ph.D. thesis, University of Delaware, 1985.
Parent, Anthony S., Jr. and Susan Brown Wallace.  "Childhood and Sexual Identity Under Slavery."  Journal of the
         History of Sexuality 3 no. 3 (1993):  363-401.
Postell, William Dosite.  The Health of Slaves on Southern Plantations.  Baton Rouge:  Louisiana State University
            Press, 1951.
Raboteau, Albert J.  Slave Religion:  The "Invisible Institution" in the Antebellum South.  Oxford:  Oxford
            University Press, 1980.
Redpath, James.  The Roving Editor; or, Talks with Slaves in the Southern United States.  Edited by John R.
            McKivigan.  New York:  A. A. Burdick, 1859.  Reprint ed.  University Park, PA:  Pennsylvania State
            University Press, 1996.
Robinson, Armstead L.  "In the Shadow of Old John Brown:  Insurrection Anxiety and Confederate Mobilization,
            1861-1863."  Journal of Negro History 65 (1980):  279-297.
Rose, Willie Lee.  "Childhood in Bondage" in Slavery and Freedom.  Edited by William Freehling.  New York:
Oxford University Press, 1992.
Schwartz, Marie Jenkins.  "One Thing, Then Another:  Slave Children's Labor in Alabama."  Labor's Heritage 7 no.
            3 (1996):  56-61.  
Schweninger, Loren.  "A Slave Family in the Ante Bellum South."  Journal of Negro History 60 (1975):  29-44.
Seagrave, Charles Edwin.  The Southern Negro Agricultural Worker, 1850-1870.  New York:  Arno Press,
Sebastian, Jeannie Chaney.  "Symbolism in Afro-American Slave Songs in the Pre-Civil War South."  M.S. thesis,
            North Texas State University, 1976.
Seleck, Linda B. and Hugh Barbour.  Gentle Invaders:  Quaker Women Educators and Racial Issues During the
            Civil War and Reconstruction.  Richmond, IN:  Friends United Press, 1995.
Shaw, Donald L.  "News About Slavery From 1820-1860 in Newspapers of South, North, and West." Journalism
         Quarterly 61 no. 3 (1984):  483-492.
Sides, Sudie Duncan.  "Southern Women and Slavery," pt. 1 History Today 20 (January 1970), 54-60; pt. 2 
            (February 1970), 124-130.
Sides, Sudie Duncan.  "Women and Slaves:  An Interpretation Based on the Writings of Southern Women."  Ph.D.
            dissertation, University of North Carolina Press, 1969.
Smith, Mark M.  Mastered by the Clock:  Time, Slavery, and Freedom in the American South.  Chapel Hill:
University of North Carolina Press, 1997.
Steckel, Richard H.  "A Peculiar Population:  The Nutrition, Health, and Mortality of American Slaves from
            Childhood to Maturity."  Journal of Economic History 46 no. 3 (1986):  721-741.
Stone, James Herbert.  "Black Leadership in the Old South:  The Slave Drivers of the Rice Kingdom."  Ph.D. thesis,
            Florida State University, 1976.
Sutch, Richard.  The Breeding of Slaves for Sale and the Westward Expansion of Slavery, 1850-1860. 
Institute of Business and Economic Research, University of California, 1972.
Sutherland, Daniel E.  "A Special Kind of Problem:  The Response of Household Slaves and Their Masters to
            Freedom."  Southern Studies 20 (Summer 1981) 151-166.
Tadman, Michael.  Speculators and Slaves:  Masters, Traders, and Slaves in the Old South.  Madison: 
University of Wisconsin Press, 1996.
Takaki, Ronald T.  The Pro-Slavery Crusade:  The Agitation to Reopen the African Slave Trade.  New York:
Free Press, 1971.
Touchstone, Donald Blake.  "Planters and Slave Religion in the Deep South."  Ph.D. dissertation, Tulane University,
Turner, Ian Bruce.  "Antislavery Thought in the Border South, 1830-1860."  Thesis, University of Illinois at
            Urbana-Champaign, 1977.
Tushnet, Mark V.  The American Law of Slavery, 1810-1860:  Considerations of Humanity and Interest.
Princeton, NJ:  Princeton University Press, 1981.
Van Deburg, William L.  The Slave Drivers:  Black Agricultural Labor Supervisors in the Antebellum South.
Westport, CT:  Greenwood Press, 1979.  Reprint ed.  New York:  Oxford University Press, 1988.
Vlach, John Michael.  "'Snug Li'l House With Flue and Oven':  Nineteenth-Century Reforms in Plantation Slave
            Housing" in Gender, Class and Shelter.  Edited by Elizabeth C. Oromley and Carter L. Hudgins. 
Knoxville:  University of Tennessee Press, 1995, pp. 119-129.
Vlach, John Michael.  "Us Quarters Fixed Fine":  Finding Black Builders in Southern History.  S.l.:  s.n.,     
Wahl, Jenny Bourne.  "Legal Constraints on Slave Masters:  The Problem of Social Cost."  American Journal of
            Legal History
  41 (1997):  1-24.
Webber, Thomas L.  Deep Like the Rivers:  Education in the Slave Quarter Community, 1831-1865.  New
            York:  Norton, 1978.
Webber, Thomas L.  "The Education of the Slave Quarter Community:  White Teaching and Black Learning on the
            Ante-Bellum Plantation."  Thesis, Columbia University, 1976.
White, Deborah G.  "Ain't I a Woman?:  Female Slaves in the Antebellum South."  Ph.D. thesis, University of Illinois
            at Chicago Circle, 1979.
White, Deborah Gray. Ar'n't I a Woman?  Female Slaves in the Antebellum South.  New York:  W. W. Norton,
Wiethoff, William E.  A Peculiar Humanism:  The Judicial Advocacy of 1850 Slavery in High Courts of the Old
            South, 1820-1850
.  Athens:  University of Georgia Press, 1996. 
Wiggins, David Kenneth.  "The Play of Slave Children in the Plantation Communities of the Old South,     
1820-1860."  Journal of Sport History 7 no. 2 (Summer 1980):  21-39.
Wiggins, David Kenneth.  "Sport and Popular Pastimes in the Plantation Community:  The Slave Experience." 
Thesis, University of Maryland, 1979.
Wiley, Bell Irvin.  "The Movement to Humanize the Institution of Slavery During the Confederacy."  Emory
            University Quarterly
5 (Dec. 1949):  207-220.
Wiley, Bell Irvin.  Southern Negroes, 1861-1865.  New Haven:  Yale University Press, 1938; Reprint ed.  Baton
            Rouge:  Louisiana State University Press, 1965.
Williamson, Joel.  New People:  Miscegenation and Mulattoes in the United States.  New York:  Free Press,
Winter, Kari J.  Subjects of Slavery, Agents of Change:  Women and Power in Gothic Novels and Slave
            Narratives, 1790-1865
.  Athens:  University of Georgia Press, 1992.
Wish, Harvey, ed.  Slavery in the South:  First-Hand Accounts of the Ante-Bellum Southland From Northern
            and Southern Whites, Negroes & Foreign Observers
.  New York:  Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 1964.
Yeates, Marian.  "Domesticating Slavery:  Patterns of Cultural Rationalization in the Antebellum South, 1820-1860."
Ph.D. dissertation, Indiana University, 1996. 

Agriculture (General). 

See also Cattle, Corn, Cotton, Overseers, Rice, Sugar, Tobacco.

Bonner, James C.  "Advancing Trends in Southern Agriculture, 1840-1860."  Agricultural History 22 (1948):
Brinkley, Garland.  The Decline in Southern Agricultural Income, 1860-1870.  Pasadena, CA:  All-U.C. Group
            in Economic History, 1994.
Brown, R. Ben.  "The Southern Range:  A Study of Nineteenth Century Law and Society."  Ph.D. thesis, University
             of Michigan, 1993.
Coulter, E. Merton.  "The Movement for Agricultural Reorganization in the Cotton South During the Civil War."
Agricultural History 1 no. 1 (January 1927):  pages not given.
Craven, Avery O.  "Agricultural Reforms of the Ante-Bellum South."  American Historical Review 33 (1928):
Danhof, Clarence H.  "Gathering the Grass."  Agricultural History 30 no. 4 (1956):  169-173.  [mechanization of
            the rake, 1800-1850]
Destler, Chester M.  "David Dickson's 'System of Farming' and the Agricultural Revolution in the Deep South,
            1850-1860." Agricultural History 31 (July, 1957):  30-39.
Ellenberg, George Bolton.  "Mule South to Tractor South:  Mules, Machines, Agriculture, and Culture in the Cotton
            South, 1850-1950."  Ph.D. thesis, University of Kentucky, 1994.
Field-Hendrey, Elizabeth B.  Were Free Southern Farmers 'Driven to Indolence' by Slavery?:  A Stochastic
Frontier Approach.  Cambridge, MA:  National Bureau of Economic Research, 1996.
Gates, Paul W.  Agriculture and the Civil War.  New York:  Knopf, 1965.
Genovese, Eugene D.  "Livestock in the Slave Economy of the Old South--A Revised View."  Agricultural History
         36 no. 3 (1962):  143-149.
Gray, L. C.  History of Agriculture in the Southern United States to 1860.  Washington:  Carnegie Institute,
Jordan, Weymouth T.  "The Peruvian Guano Gospel in the Old South."  Agricultural History 24 (1950):  211-221.
Kemmerer, Donald Lorenzo.  "The Pre-Civil War South's Leading Crop:  Corn."  Agricultural History 23     
(October 1949):  236-239.
Leavitt, Charles T.  "Attempts to Improve Cattle Breeds in the United States, 1790-1860."  Agricultural History 7
            (1933):  51-67.
Lee, Susan.  The Westward Movement of the Cotton Economy, 1840-1860:  Perceived Interests and
            Economic Realities
.  New York:  Arno Press, 1977.
Mathew, William M.  Edmund Ruffin and the Crisis of Slavery in the Old South:  The Failure of Agricultural
.  Athens:  University of Georgia Press, 1988.
Otto, John Solomon.  Southern Agriculture During the Civil War Era, 1860-1880.  Westport, Conn.: 
Greenwood Press, 1994.
Richardson, Jeffrey Doyle.  "Nothing More Fruitful:  Debt and Cash Flow on the Antebellum Rice Plantation."  M.A.
            thesis, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1996.
Smith, D. T.  "Tobacco and Its Role in the Life of the Confederacy."  M.A. thesis, Old Dominion University, 1993.
The Structure of the Cotton Economy of the Antebellum South.  Washington:  Agricultural History Society,
Swan, Dale Evans.  "The Structure and Profitability of the Antebellum Rice Industry, 1859."  Ph.D. thesis, University
            of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1972.
Wright, Gavin.  "The Economics of Cotton in the Antebellum South."  Ph.D. thesis, Yale University, 1969. 


Allman, John Mitchell.  "Yeoman Regions in the Antebellum Deep South:  Settlement and Economy in Northern
            Alabama, 1815-1860."  Ph.D. dissertation, University of Maryland, 1979.
Amos, Harriet Elizabeth.  "All-Absorbing Topics:  Food and Clothing in Confederate Mobile."  Atlanta Historical
         Society Journal 22 (Fall-Winter, 1978):  17-28.
Amos, Harriet Elizabeth.  "City Belles:  Images and Realities of Lives of White Women in Antebellum Mobile,"
Alabama Review 34 no. 1 (January 1981):  3-19.
Amos, Harriet Elizabeth.  Cotton City:  Urban Development in Antebellum Mobile.  University, AL:  University
            of Alabama Press, 1985.
Amos, Harriet Elizabeth.  "Social Life in an Antebellum Cotton Port:  Mobile, Alabama 1820-1860." Ph.D.
            dissertation, Emory University, 1979.
Barney, William L.  "Road to Revolution:  The Social Basis of Secession in Alabama and Mississippi."  Ph.D. thesis,
            Columbia University, 1971.
Beam, James Herman, Jr.  "Mobile and the Southern Question:  Public Debate Over the Slavery Controversy of
            1850."  M.A. thesis, University of South Alabama, 1994.
Benton, Jeffrey Creighton.  "Leisure Activities in Antebellum Montgomery, Alabama."  M.A. thesis, Auburn
            University, 1996.
Bleser, Carol and Frederick M. Heath.  "The Clays of Alabama:  The Impact of the Civil War on a Southern
            Marriage" in In Joy and in Sorrow:  Women, Family, and Marriage in the Victorian South, 1830-1900. 
Edited by Carol Bleser.  New York:  Oxford University, 1991, pp. 135-153.
Bleser, Carol K. and Frederick M. Heath.  "The Impact of the Civil War on a Southern Marriage:  Clement and
            Virginia Tunstall Clay of Alabama."  Civil War History 30 (1984):  197-220.
Boucher, Ann.  "Wealthy Planter Families in Nineteenth-Century Alabama."  Ph.D. dissertation, University of
            Connecticut, 1978.
Bowie, Marshall L.  A Time of Adversity--And Courage, 1861-1865:  A Story of the Montgomery and West
            Point Railroad, a Predecessor Company of the Western  Railway of  Alabama, and Its Activities
            During the War Between the States
.  [S.l.]:  Western Railway of Alabama, 1861.
Boyd, Minnie Clare.  Alabama in the Fifties:  A Social Study.  New York:  Columbia University, 1931.  Reprint
            ed. New York:  AMS Press, 1966.
Brannan, Stephen E.  "Disaffection with the Confederacy in Walker County, Alabama During the Civil War."  M.A.
            thesis, Eastern Michigan University, 1981.
Brown, Sarah Kathleen.  Emma Sansom, Civil War Heroine.  Jacksonville, AL:  Jacksonville State College, 1963.
Chadwick, Mrs. W. D.  "Civil War Days in Huntsville:  A Diary by Mrs. W. D. Chadwick." Alabama Historical
         Quarterly 9 no. 2 (Summer 1947):  199-333.
Clay-Clopton, Virginia. A Belle of the Fifties:  Memoirs of Mrs. Clay of Alabama, Covering Social and
            Political Life in Washington and the South, 1853-1866
.  Edited by Ada Sterline.  New York: 
Doubleday, Page, 1904.  Reprint ed. New York:  Da Capo Press, 1969.
Cleveland, Gordon B.  "Social Conditions in Alabama as Seen by Travelers, 1840-1850."  Alabama Review 2
            (1949):  3-23, 122-138.
Colvin, Ronald  Edward.  "The Just Objects of War:  Conduct of Union Troops Toward Non-Combatants and
            Private Property in Alabama, 1862-1865."  M.A. thesis, College of William and Mary, 1983.
Crossley, Martha Jane.  "A Patriotic Confederate Woman's Diary, 1862-3."  Edited by H. E. Sterkx.  Alabama
         Historical Quarterly 20 (Winter 1958):  611-617.
Delaney, Caldwell.  Confederate Mobile:  A Pictorial History.  Mobile:  Haunted Book Shop, 1971.
Dodd, Don. The Civil War in Winston County, Alabama, "The Free State."  Jasper, AL:  Northwest Alabama
            Pub. Co., 1979.
Dodd, Don.  Winston:  An Antebellum and Civil War History of a Hill Country of North Alabama.  Jasper, AL:
C. Elliott, 1972.
Dodd,  Donald Bradford.  "Unionism in Confederate Alabama."  M.A. thesis, University of Georgia, 1969.
Dunnavant, Robert.  Decatur, Alabama:  Yankee Foothold in Dixie, 1861-1865.  Athens, AL:  Pea Ridge Press,
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